The 77th Basic Meeting of the United Nations was characterised by a normal feeling of tension and alarmism. Some audio system restricted themselves to accusations, blaming different members of the “group of countries” for the widely accepted undeniable fact that the world’s safety scenario and financial views are visibly worsening. A balanced evaluation of the scenario with a transparent assertion of the frequent targets for humanity grew to become particularly priceless at this hour.
The method, instructed by Kazakhstan’s President Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev, said his choice for coming collectively in these tough instances. It’s conservative within the sense that it suggests preserving a few of the outdated and examined rules utilized by the United Nations for the preservation of relative peace and stability on the planet during the last 70 years.
“There’s nothing extra essential now than to return to the foundational rules that lie on the root of this common group. Particularly, we should rethink the linkages between three primordial rules: the sovereign equality of states, the territorial integrity of states, and peaceable coexistence between states,” Tokayev stated.
Then again, it ought to be famous that Kazakhstan’s conservative method doesn’t imply passivity and blind adherence to established order. Modifications are wanted, however they need to be launched by a consensus, in fixed dialogue, with all important pursuits of the concerned events being revered and guarded. Therefore the decision of the Kazakh president for conferences, in addition to different worldwide occasions and everlasting our bodies: humanity has not invented any higher means for reaching a consensus. The rapid objective is one thing we’ve been taking without any consideration for much too lengthy: peace. And, after all, President Tokayev was not alone on the UN on this method.
“We entered a brand new stage of change and turmoil… Peace is like air and sunshine. We take them without any consideration, generally forgetting that we will’t reside with out them. In the identical method peace is a obligatory prerequisite for the way forward for all of mankind. Turmoil and battle can solely open Pandora’s field, they’ll’t clear up issues,” stated China’s international minister Wang Yi in his speech on the Basic Meeting.
However what are the ideas of territorial integrity and the sovereign equality of states, precisely? These are the rules defending humanity from continued, endless wars. Identical to authorized rules shield the personal property and lives of people on the idea of equality of everybody earlier than the legislation, the 2 first rules result in the implementation of the third precept talked about by President Tokayev – peaceable coexistence between states. “These three rules are inter-dependent,” President Tokayev added, and right here one has to agree.
Kazakhstan is among the few, actually the one one amongst new unbiased states that emerged on the territory of the late Soviet Union in 1991 that has loved a very impeccable fame by way of peace safety and managed to protect good relations with each East and West. Kazakhstan is certainly dedicated to the “non-block” method to worldwide affairs, which nearly everybody on the UN helps in phrases, however which only a few states, actually, follow. In consequence, Kazakhstan is neither in an “Japanese” block of countries nor within the “Western” one. Kazakhstan is just not a member of NATO, and everybody agrees that its membership within the Collective Safety Treaty Group (CSTO) can’t be used towards any international nation. (Each decision of each summit assembly of the CSTO member international locations features a provision that “it’s not directed towards any third social gathering,” and Kazakhstan vigorously insists on this precept.)
Does this make Kazakhstan weak and lonely on the world stage? No, quite the opposite, it makes Kazakhstan a priceless asset for all types of peace missions. Kazakhstan doesn’t have territorial disputes with its neighbors, the nation has efficiently stayed above the 2 waves of “post-Soviet wars” that shattered Tajikistan, in addition to the relations between Armenia and Azerbaijan, Russia and Georgia, and now, after all, Ukraine and Russia. The primary wave got here within the wake of the weakening and subsequent collapse of the Soviet Union in 1988-1991; the second wave of wars adopted a number of expansions of NATO and the invitation of Ukraine and Georgia into NATO in 2008.
When did wars turn into attainable within the Eurasian area? Because the Soviet Union grew weaker in 1988-1991, nationalist teams in a lot of its former constituent republics perceived this as a chance for redrawing the borders, thus breaking the rules talked about in President Tokayev’s speech on the UN Basic Meeting. This breach of rules led to quite a few conflicts. After NATO’s expansions and the promise to proceed the method began in Bucharest in 2008, some international locations seen it as one other alternative to unravel their issues with separatist actions on their territories (Georgia versus South Ossetia in 2008; tensions between Moldova and Transnistria; quite a few different misfortunes).
President Tokayev made it very clear: Kazakhstan doesn’t help separatism. He had the braveness to say it to the face of Russia’s president Vladimir Putin on the St. Petersburg Worldwide Financial Discussion board: Kazakhstan won’t acknowledge the quasi-states on the territory of Ukraine. Not as a result of Kazakhstan disregards the rights of ethnic Russians, however as a result of the creation of latest quasi-states and their armed battle for independence is now not acceptable within the fashionable world. It has already led to quite a few wars, and battle is rarely the answer, as historical past has proven many instances!
So, if battle is just not a reliable methodology of redress, how then can we right the inequalities and imbalances of right now’s world? President Tokayev’s proposal is to have interaction in cooperation, dialogue, and to hunt agreements the place they are often discovered. Primarily, on Kazakhstan’s “native turf” in Central Asia. The President’s proposals right here need to be quoted in full:
“We look ahead to contributing to the consultations on the ministerial assembly subsequent yr and to the holding of the 2024 Summit of the Future.
We should transfer from merely responding to world challenges and crises to stopping and higher predicting rising developments and integrating our assessments into strategic planning and policymaking.
For this very function, Kazakhstan proposed 30 years in the past the thought of convening the Convention on Interplay and Confidence Constructing Measures in Asia (CICA).
Within the context of latest challenges and threats we hope to rework CICA right into a full-fledged worldwide group on the upcoming summit in October in Astana to contribute to world mediation and peace-making.”
The identical principled place was reaffirmed by President Tokayev throughout his current go to to the Turkistan area within the south of Kazakhstan: “Our international coverage will keep based mostly on neutrality… This coverage shall be nicely balanced and constructive. And naturally it can proceed to be a multivector coverage. Kazakhstan will make each effort to develop its relations of an alliance with Russia, of strategic partnership with China, of multilateral cooperation with fraternal Central Asian states… This coverage has been extremely appreciated by the worldwide group. It matches the best priorities of our nation.”
What can one add right here, aside from saying that that is the best way ahead? We see what’s going on in Europe. If Kazakhstan’s method permits us to keep away from the identical turmoil in Asia, Kazakhstan might turn into “the Switzerland of the twenty first century,” an actual engine for peace and cooperation between nations.
The writer is Dmitry Babich, a Moscow-based journalist with 30 years of expertise of protecting world politics, a frequent visitor on BBC, Al Jazeera and RT.